Monday, 17 October 2011

Arabian Chronicles : Genealogy of Arabian Tribes

Assalaamu'alaikum wa rahmatullah


Origin of Arab Descents

In most of Arabian historical books no matter written by Muslims or non-Muslim Arabs, Arabian were actually divided into three kind of Arabs :

1. Ba'ida Arabs 
2. 'Ariba Arabs 
3. Musta'riba Arabs 

According to Abul Fidaa, Arabs were divided to three as what had been mentioned. 

Ba'ida Arabs

It means ancient Arabs in Arabian Peninsula. Their life and stories could not be easily accessed since they were so ancient. More ancient than the Hindu religion of Indian sub-continent. We may only see only some of their remnants and that is through scholars' researchers and archeology. Examples of these ancient Arab tribes are the 'Aad, the Thamud, and the Early Jurhumite. The 'Aads and the Thamuds are mentioned in the glorious Quran. They have prophets being sent among them by the God whom are Saaleh and Hud. They are also mentioned in Old Testament. The Aads and the Thamuds were destroyed and accursed by the God. We could only see some of their remnants since they were all destroyed. 

'Ariba Arabs

These people came from the Early Jurhumite which is also mentioned as among the ancient Arabs. They had escaped the great flood of the Ma'areb Dam of Yemen. Their descendents were called as the second Jurhumite. After that, their descendents are known as the Qahtanites. They are all the same people, and their forefathers could be traced from Ya'areb bin Yasyub bin Qahthan. They still exist until today and mingle with people around. 

Musta'riba Arabs

These people traced their lineage from Ismael the son of Abraham a.s. Abraham a.s had came down to the Arabian Peninsula from the Land of Cana'an to send his second wife, Hagar according to revelation from the God to the barren land since Sarah, his first wife feel envious after the birth of infant Ismael a.s while she bear no son yet. After Ismael a.s became a young man, Abraham a.s still come to visit his family there. He reconstructed again the Ka'aba building as apart of the house of worship dedicated to the God through the command of the God. It is mentioned in the glorious Quran in surah Ibrahim. And I had performed rituals of pilgrimage which commemorates Abraham a.s, mother Hagar, and Ismael a.s.

So, the rumor about Shivalingam of Hindus is absurd and baseless. Only three years old kid would talk like that and I had been there in Holy Mecca. Semite nations are way older than Hinduism and Hinduism is a roof for many religions that exist in ancient India. We can trace our history to Abraham a.s and when and where did god Shiva being born? What is the background of god Shiva? I only know that god Shiva is the lord of the Kiratas.

Ismael a.s married to woman from the second Jurhumite tribe who had lived together with Hagar and Ismael after Hagar had founded the water source in the barren land. The descents of Ismael a.s and his wife being known as Musta'riba Arabs. It means non-Arabs who were Arabized. Sometimes they are also called as the 'Adnani. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w was born from this lineage.  

Qahtanite

Qahtanite clan of the Second Jurhumite were divided into two great lineages whom are the Himyarites and Kahlaan.

Himyarite

Most of kings who ruled Yemen were the Himyarites. Their kings were called as Tubba'. It has the same function as an emperor. Plural for Tubba' is Tababiyya. Another branch of Himyarite were called as Qudha'a who controlled the province of Shihr. The other branch is bani Kilab who ruled the province of Dawmatul Jandal in Tabuk near to Syria.

Other branches of Himyarites from Tanukh clan also live in southern of Syria. Sulayh clan live in fertile valley in Syria. However this Sulayh clan were unfortunate when they were subdued by the kings of Ghassan Arabs. Other clans of Himyarite Arabs are like bani Nahd, bani 'Ozra and bani Sha'aban.

Kahlan   

Kahlan clan also has many branches. The most famous ones were Azad, Thay', Hamdan, Muzhaj, Kindah, Murad, and Inmar. From the tribe of Azad, came the Ghassanide kings. These Ghassanides ruled Syria under Byzantine protectorate. Those in Syria were Christians. 

From the Ghassanides also, came the tribes of 'Aus and Khazraj of Yathrib. Yathrib was changed to Medina al-Munawwara by the noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w. Those Aus and Khazraj before the arrival of noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w into Medina were polytheists in contrast to those in Syria. Some of Ghassanides had also controlled Mecca before the Quraisy clan administrated Mecca.

The Thay' lived in Najd al-Hejjaz at the Aja and Salma Hill. Now, both of these hills are called as Shamr Hill. From Thay' came the descents of Nabhan, Salman, Hani and Sadus. Muzhaj and Hamdan tribes mostly live in Yemen. Muzhad descents are the Khawlan, Janub, and 'Aud.

The Kindah tribe live in Hadramawt. They later expanded their power into the area of bani Asad in Yamamah. Some of their descents are known as bani Sukun.

The Murad tribe live in Zubad province, in the middle of hills in Yemen. While the Inmar tribe is divided into two clans whom are the Bajilah and Khash'am. Those from Bajilah clan had also contributed in subduing Arabian lands during the period of Omar al-Khattab.

Lakham

These people are the descents of Amar bin Sabaa. From them emerged the clan of bani Daar and kings of Munazarah in Hirah. Hirah was an ancient Christian kingdom who follows Nestorianism at the bank of Euphrates river in Iraq. These people were Arabs, not Assyrians.

'Adnan

According to the people who collects clan membership of Arabs, 'Adnan is the ancestor of the Musta'riba Arabs or the Arabized Arabs in Arabian Peninsula. Their lineage could be traced to Ismael a.s. and Abraham a.s and both of them are prophets and messengers of the God to people. Ismael a.s live in Mecca and he lived among the Second Jurhumite tribe. 'Adnan is his descendant. 'Adnan begat a son, Nizaar. Nizaar begat four sons whom are Ayyad, Anmar, Rabe'a, and Mudhar. The grandchildren of Mudhar and Rabe'ah had grown up to be the majority of population in Arabian Peninsula until today. 

Mudhar

His grandchildren issued many branches of clans. The major one is bani Qays. Bani Qays traced their lineage from bani Hawazin and bani Salim who live in the Najd. Bani Qays issued bani Ghatafaan and then bani Zibyaan and bani 'Abisin. Bani 'Abisin sons of Bagheedh and Ashja' bin Rayist and Ghani bin 'Asur

Bani 'Abisin and bani Zibyaan were those who were fought by Abu Bakr as-Siddiq due to their refusal to issue tithe for society after the noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w passed away. They became apostates after rejecting the pillar of religion.            

Mudhar has other sons such as Elyas. The most famous clan from the descents of Elyas are Tamin bin Moor, Huzail bin Mudrikah, Asad bin Kinanah, and Kinanah bin Khuzaimah.    

From Kinanah also the tribe of Quraisy emerged. This is the tribe where our noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w came from. Quraisy is the nickname of Fihr bin Malik bin Nadhar bin Kinanah.

Quraisy

Quraisy has several clans. The most famous clan of Quraisy are the Jumah and Saham. They are children of Husays bin Ka'ab. After that the trace their lineage to Adi bin Ka'ab, Makhzum bin Yaqzath bin Murra bin Taim bin Murra. Then Zuhrah bin Kilab and Abdul Daar bin Qusay and Asad bin Abdul 'Uzza bin Qusay bin Abdu Manaf bin Qusay.

'Abdu Manaf has four branches of descendents whom are Abdu Shams, Nawfal, Abdul Mutallib, and Hashim. Our noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w was born in the clan of Hashim. He is Muhammad bin 'Abdullah bin 'Abdul Mutallib bin Hashim bin 'Abdu Manaf.

Rabe'ah

Rabe'ah is the little brother of Mudhar. Among the famous sons of Rabe'ah is Asad and his sons live in southern of Wadi ar-Rimma. And then Rabe'ah descents are also the sons of Wail where the clans of bani Bakar and bani Taghalib emerged. Both of these bani Bakar and bani Taghalib always fought each other especially after Kulayb was killed. They were involved in civil war until both of these tribes almost extinct. The bani Hanifah of Yamamah traced their lineage from Bakar bin Wail. These people were also fought by Abu Bakar as-Siddiq later after noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w returned to His Mercy because they became apostates and ingrates to the God. Grandchildren of Rabe'ah became enemy to grandchildren of Mudhar the older brother of Rabe'ah for hundreds of years. Usually sons of Rabe'ah will ask the help from Yemeni Arabs to fight sons of Mudhar in their battles.            

Sealed with prayers for mercy, peace, and love, amin!

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