Monday, 28 January 2013

South Arabia: Sabaa' Kingdom

Assalaamu'alaikum wa rahmatullah

The Sabaa' Arabs had established their great kingdom around 18th BC and it is located in Yemen. The chronicles about them could be founded in the inscriptions of the Assyrians. From these archeological findings, many people were attracted to relate the story of Queen Sheba or Balqis as what has been mentioned in the glorious Quran with this modern science's finding.

However, it is still difficult to get the historical facts about Middle East as the researches are still going on. One of the researcher had proved that this kingdom ends at the end of 15th BC through the analysis of the "ancient myth" in inscriptions. In his study, Glazar founds that the Sabaa' king, Itti-Amara had once paying tribute to Roman king, Sargon II who ruled around 705-721 BC. Through the inscription too, everyone could see that Sabaa' has 27 rulers. 15 of them were called as the Mukrib while other 12 were called as Maalik. All of them possess their own epithets.

The researchers found that this kingdom was originated from a tiny little kingdom. It began with an Amir which means a prince or a priest. Later it expands its power and became a large kingdom. Many narrations stated that the Sabaa' Arabs prefer trading over war. In Assyrian and Egyptian inscriptions, people could see words carved such as "invaded, defeated, fought, commanded to submit tributes and their properties are confiscated" but differently to the Sabaa' Arabs inscriptions. The words founded in their inscriptions are for e.g "erected, established, developed and etc".

Inscriptions of Sabaa' kingdom suggested that the kingdom had gone through four periods which are the period of Mukrib kings, Maalik kings, Raidan, Hadramawt.  

Sealed with prayers for mercy, peace and love, amin!

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