Tuesday, 21 February 2012

Types of Taqleed

Assalaamu'alaikum wa rahmatullah

How Many Types of Taqleed noh?

I. General one

The person who follows to a particular madzhab or school of jurisprudence or school of thought. He accepts the concessions and non-concessions in all of the matters pertaining the law and path. 

My note here, in Arabic the word deen means law or divine law. It is the same word used in Aramaic so I just translate it as the law or divine law of the Lord. Longer would be divine law of the Lord conveyed and transmitted through messengers and prophets of the Lord.   

Sheikh further clarifies that scholars and clerics differed about such a state. So, some among of the late-comers have reported that this is obligatory upon him due to his inability to perform ijtihad. Others report it as being forbidden for him due to it is a case of necessitating unrestricted following of other than the noble prophet Muhammad s.a.w. We would talk about ijtihad in other post if possible because we need to concentrate on a particular matter. Else people would confuse everything up and there come "self-claiming scholars" who pronounced Arabic in barbaric foreign tongue for example American English or etc, lol.

Ibnu Taimiyyah rahimahullah mentioned that: "The saying that it is obligatory, causes obedience to other than prophet Muhammad s.a.w in every matter of command and prohibition, and this is in opposition to the assembly of the scholars and clerics. And the allowance of it contains what it contains."

Ibnu Taimiyyah further says that: "Whoever sticks to a particular madzhab and then acts in opposition to it without making a taqleed on another scholar who has given him a ruling, nor does he use an evidence as a proofs or reasons which necessitates acting in opposition to his madzhab, nor does he have an acceptable Shari'a excuse which allows him to do what he has done. This person is counted as a follower of his desires, and committing illegal acts since he has no valid Shari'a excuse. It is evil and sinful."

If there becomes evident to him that something which requires preference to one saying (of imams) to another, either due to detailed proofs if he knows and understands them, or because he holds one of two people to be more knowledgeable about this matter and having more piety with regards to what he says, and so the muqallid leaves the saying of that one for the saying of another one, then it is permissible; rather, it becomes obligatory. This one is also from the document of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal.  

II. The Particular one

This type of taqleed is when a person accepts a saying about a particular matter. This is permissible if such a person is unable to arrive at the knowledge by the ijtihad whether he is unable or able but with great difficulty. 

The God knows more than His creatures...

Sealed with prayers for mercy, peace, and love, amin!

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...